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Salmonella: Foods To Avoid And Simple Preventive Measures

by Jessica
6 minutes read
Salmonella: Foods To Avoid And Simple Preventive Measures

Salmonella poisoning is one of the most common foodborne illnesses in the United States, with an estimated 1 million cases each year. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that about 400 people die each year from salmonella infection. The CDC also estimates that about 1 in 6 Americans get sick from food poisoning each year, and about 128,000 are hospitalized. The good news is that there are measures you can take to prevent salmonella poisoning, and knowing which foods to avoid is a good place to start.

What are Salmonella and Salmonella symptoms?

Salmonella is a species of bacteria that can cause food poisoning in humans. Symptoms of salmonellosis, the illness caused by Salmonella, include diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps. The incubation period (the time from exposure to symptoms) for Salmonella is usually 12-72 hours.

What Foods Cause Salmonellosis?

Salmonellosis is a foodborne illness caused by the Salmonella bacteria. These bacteria are found in many different foods, but some foods are more likely to cause salmonellosis than others.

Raw meat, poultry, and eggs are the most common sources of Salmonella bacteria. Raw milk and cheeses can also be contaminated with these bacteria. Other potential sources of Salmonella include fruits and vegetables that have been contaminated with animal feces.

Some common foods that can cause salmonella to include:

1. Chicken and Eggs

Chicken and eggs can become contaminated with salmonella in a number of ways. Chickens may be infected with salmonella when they come into contact with contaminated water or feces. Eggs can become contaminated during the laying process if the chicken is infected with salmonella. Once contaminated, chicken and eggs can spread the bacteria to surfaces, utensils, and other food items.

2. Fish and Seafood

Fish and seafood can be particularly vulnerable to contamination, as they are often exposed to harmful bacteria in their environment. There are several ways that fish and seafood can become contaminated with salmonella, including through contact with infected animals, ingestion of contaminated water, or exposure to contaminated surfaces.

3. Beef

Beef can become contaminated with salmonella during slaughter and processing. The bacteria can contaminate the meat when it comes into contact with intestinal contents or other contaminated surfaces.

4. Milk Products

Milk and milk products are common sources of salmonella. The bacteria can contaminate milk during the milking process, and it can also grow in unpasteurized milk. Pasteurized milk is safe to drink, but raw milk can be dangerous.

Also Read: 11 Tips for Choosing Safe and Healthy Milk

5. Cereal Grains

Cereal grains are a common source of salmonella contamination. The bacteria can contaminate grain during the growing, harvesting, or milling process. Once contaminated, grains can infect people who eat them raw or cooked.

6. Fruits and vegetables

Fruits and vegetables can become contaminated with salmonella in several ways. The bacteria can be present in the soil where the crops are grown or on the surfaces of the fruits and vegetables themselves. Poor hygiene during farming, harvesting, or transportation can also allow salmonella to spread to these foods.

7. Legumes

Legumes are a type of food that includes beans, peas, and lentils. They are often contaminated with salmonella because they are grown in areas where there are animal feces. The bacteria can get on the legumes when they are harvested or during processing.

How to Prevent Salmonella?

One of the best ways to prevent salmonella is to avoid contaminated food. Be sure to wash your hands thoroughly after handling raw meat, poultry, or eggs. Cook meat and poultry to the proper temperature, and avoid cross-contamination by keeping these foods away from other items in your kitchen. Avoid consuming raw eggs, and only eat pasteurized eggs. If you are unsure if a food is safe, err on the side of caution and don’t eat it.

In addition to being careful with the food you consume, there are a few other preventive measures you can take to reduce your risk of salmonella infection. Be sure to clean and disinfect all surfaces that come into contact with raw meat or poultry. These include cutting boards, countertops, knives, and any other utensils you may have used. It’s also important to wash your hands thoroughly after contact with these items. Keep your kitchen clean overall, as salmonella can live in dirty environments. Finally, make sure you’re up-to-date on all of your vaccinations, as this can help reduce your risk of infection.

Is Salmonella Contagious?

Salmonella is a bacteria that can cause food poisoning. It is often found in poultry, eggs, and dairy products. While salmonella is not usually contagious, it can be spread through contaminated food or water.

Simple Preventative Measures

Salmonella is a bacteria that can cause food poisoning. Symptoms of salmonella include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and fever. Salmonella can be found in contaminated food or water or on surfaces that have been contaminated with bacteria.

There are several steps you can take to prevent salmonella infection:

-Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water after handling raw meat, poultry, or eggs.
-Cook meat, poultry, and eggs thoroughly before eating.
-Avoid cross-contamination by keeping raw meat, poultry, and eggs separate from other food items.
-Do not drink unpasteurized milk or juice.
-Disinfect countertops and cutting boards after they have been in contact with raw meat, poultry, or eggs.


Salmonella is a serious foodborne illness that can cause severe sickness. While any food has the potential to cause salmonella poisoning, there are some foods that are more likely to be contaminated than others. Eggs, poultry, dairy products, and meats are all common sources of salmonella contamination. To avoid becoming sick, it is important to handle and cook these foods properly. Additionally, practicing simple preventive measures like washing your hands frequently and avoiding cross-contamination can also help reduce your risk of contracting salmonella poisoning.

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